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The IME Doctor Disagrees With Your Doctor: What Do I Do?

An independent medical examination (IME) is typically requested when there is uncertainty regarding your workers’ compensation claim. However, it’s not uncommon for employers and insurance companies to utilize it as a means to challenge your claim’s validity. Frequently, what to do when The IME Doctor Disagrees With Your Doctor

In such situations, injured workers often wonder how to proceed if the IME doctor’s assessment contradicts their own physician’s diagnosis.

It’s essential to understand that disparities in opinions between IME doctors and your treating physician are not unusual. The positive aspect is that your claim doesn’t automatically get denied due to this disparity.

Why do Workers’ Compensation Insurance Companies Use IMEs?

Workers’ Compensation Insurance Companies utilize Independent Medical Examinations (IMEs) for several reasons:

1. Verification of Claims

IMEs are used to confirm the validity of a worker’s compensation claim. Insurance companies want to ensure that the injuries or illnesses claimed by an employee are accurate and work-related.

2. Preventing Fraud

IMEs help detect fraudulent claims. Some individuals may attempt to exaggerate or falsify injuries to receive compensation benefits. IME doctors can assess the legitimacy of these claims.

3. Second Opinion

IMEs provide insurance companies with an independent medical opinion. This helps them understand the extent of an employee’s injuries, the potential for recovery, and whether additional treatment or rehabilitation is necessary.

4. Cost Management

By assessing the employee’s condition, IMEs assist in managing costs. Insurance companies aim to avoid unnecessary medical expenses and limit compensation to what is genuinely required for the injured worker’s recovery.

5. Legal Defense

IME reports can be used as legal evidence. If a dispute or lawsuit arises, the insurance company can rely on the IME results to defend its position and reduce liability.

6. Regulatory Compliance

In many jurisdictions, conducting IMEs is a requirement to comply with workers’ compensation laws and regulations. Failing to do so can lead to legal penalties for insurance companies.

Can You Go Back to Work When an IME Doctor Disagrees with Your Doctor?

When dealing with conflicting opinions from an independent medical examiner (IME) and your physician, there are crucial considerations to remember.

While you technically don’t have to heed the IME’s assessment, practicality often prevails. If the IME suggests you’re fit for work, your insurance benefits may cease, putting pressure on you to resume work to cover medical expenses. However, a premature return could jeopardize your recovery and potentially worsen your condition.

Moreover, if the IME assessment is inaccurate, going back to work might complicate your quest for rightful benefits. Navigating this complex situation requires expert guidance.


How Does The IME Work?

The Independent Medical Examination (IME) is a process designed to objectively evaluate an individual’s medical condition, often in the context of legal or insurance matters.

Here’s how the IME typically works:

Selection of Examiner

A neutral and independent medical professional, chosen by the requesting party (such as an insurance company or employer), conducts the IME. This examiner should have expertise in the relevant medical field.


The individual undergoing the IME is scheduled for an appointment with the chosen examiner. The appointment is usually set at a mutually convenient time and location.

Medical History

During the IME, the individual provides their medical history, including details about the injury or medical condition in question, previous treatments, and related information.


The IME involves a thorough physical examination, which may include various tests, measurements, and observations. The examiner assesses the current medical status, the extent of any injuries, and their impact on the individual’s ability to work or perform daily activities.

Review of Medical Records

The IME examiner may also review the individual’s medical records, diagnostic tests, and any relevant documents to understand the case comprehensively.


The IME examiner prepares a detailed report after the examination and record review. This report typically includes the examiner’s findings, diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and opinions regarding the individual’s ability to work or perform specific tasks.

Use in Legal or Insurance Proceedings

The IME report is often used as evidence in legal or insurance proceedings. It helps stakeholders, such as insurers, employers, and legal representatives, make informed decisions regarding claims, benefits, disability, or other related matters.

Challenges and Disputes

In some cases, the IME is disputed by either party involved in the process. This can lead to further evaluations, negotiations, or legal action to resolve differences of opinion.

Do I Have to Go to an Independent Medical Exam?

Considering these concerns, you wonder whether you are eligible to attend an independent medical examination (IME).

Regrettably, in most situations, attending is mandatory. However, it’s worth noting that workers’ compensation laws in many states impose restrictions on when insurance companies can request IMEs. Therefore, if you undergo an IME, it’s advisable to seek legal counsel before proceeding. Should you find yourself scheduled for an IME, your attorney can guide you on what to communicate, what to avoid mentioning, and what actions to take post-examination.

Additionally, your attorney can begin preparing to contest the IME report, which often becomes necessary.

The IME Doctor Says I Can Work. What’s Next?

Receiving clearance to work from the Independent Medical Examiner (IME) marks a significant development in your situation.

Here’s what typically happens next:

Insurance Adjustments

If the IME doctor determines that you can work, your workers’ compensation benefits might be adjusted or even terminated. The insurance company will likely use this assessment to justify any changes in your benefits.

Consult Your Attorney

Consult with your attorney immediately if you have legal representation (which is advisable in workers’ compensation cases). Based on the findings, they can assess the IME report and discuss your options.

Review the IME Report

Carefully review the IME report with your attorney to ensure accuracy. If you believe any details are inaccurate or if you have concerns about the assessment, your attorney can help you address them.

Discussion with Employer

Talk to your employer about the IME results. Depending on the outcome, you may discuss returning to work, any accommodations or restrictions recommended by the IME, or any concerns you may have about resuming your job.

Request a Second Opinion

In some cases, you may have the right to seek a second opinion from another medical professional if you disagree with the IME findings.

Continuing Medical Care

If you still require medical treatment or follow-up care, continue working with your treating physician. The IME assessment should not prevent you from receiving necessary medical attention.

Stay Informed

Keep communication lines open with your attorney, employer, and insurance company. Ensure that everyone is aware of the IME results and any actions that need to be taken.

IME Doctor VS. Other Treating Doctors

Independent Medical Examiner (IME) Doctors

Varied Selection Process

The choice of an IME doctor can differ by state. In some states, injured workers have the authority to select them, while in most cases, it falls to the insurance company’s discretion.

Possible Biases

IME doctors are typically required by the insurance company, raising concerns about their impartiality. This financial tie can create biases that affect their assessments.

Focused Role

IME doctors have a specific role: to assess your medical condition for legal or insurance purposes. Unlike treating doctors, their primary duty isn’t your well-being or long-term care.

Inherent Conflict

IME doctors may not have your best interests in mind. In fact, they are often tasked with challenging or disproving your claim, which can lead to disagreements with treating doctors.

Also Read: How To Get SSI Backpay Faster: A Quick Guide

Treating Doctors: Advocates for Your Well-being

Consistent Relationship

Treating doctors are your healthcare providers who manage your medical needs over time. They have an ongoing relationship with you, offering a deeper understanding of your medical history and progress.

Comprehensive Care

Unlike IME doctors, treating doctors prioritize your health and recovery. They work to provide the best possible care and treatment options to promote your well-being.

Patient Advocacy

Treating doctors act as advocates for your health, working to ensure you receive appropriate care, treatment, and support throughout your medical journey.

Read more: How Do Workers Comp Investments Work?

What Happens When The IME Doctor Disagrees With Your Doctor?

Reasons why IME doctors may disagree with treating doctors:

  • Different training and expertise.
  • Financial incentives from insurance companies.
  • Limited information during a single examination.
  • Varied reliance on objective vs. subjective factors.
  • Interpretation differences in diagnostic tests.
  • Differing treatment philosophies.
  • Potential pressure from insurers.
  • Legal or administrative factors.
  • Miscommunication or incomplete documentation.

What Can You Do When The IME Doctor Disagrees With Your Doctor?

If you disagree with your IME doctor’s report, here are some things you can do:

1. Prioritize Your Health:

Your well-being should always be the top priority. Regardless of the IME report, continue following your treating doctor’s recommendations and receiving necessary medical treatment. Ensure you attend all medical appointments, therapy sessions, or prescribed treatments to support your recovery and overall health. Don’t let the disagreement affect your commitment to healing.

2. Disprove the IME Doctor’s Claim:

  • Collect all relevant medical records, including your treating doctor’s notes, diagnostic tests, and any documentation showing your treatment progress.
  • Discuss the IME report with your treating doctor.
  • Depending on your insurance policy and state laws, seek a second opinion from another qualified medical professional who can independently assess your condition.
  • Keep a journal of your symptoms, pain levels, and how your condition affects your daily life. This personal account can serve as additional evidence of your condition’s severity.

3. Discredit the IME Doctor:

  • Engage an attorney who specializes in workers’ compensation or relevant legal matters.
  • Your attorney may investigate the IME doctor’s background, including any past cases, affiliations with insurance companies, or potential biases.
  • If your case goes to court or a hearing, your attorney can cross-examine the IME doctor to highlight inconsistencies or potential biases in their assessment.
  • Your attorney can present compelling evidence from your treating doctor, a second opinion, and your own medical records to demonstrate that the IME doctor’s assessment is inaccurate or biased.


When The IME Doctor Disagrees With Your Doctor, gather substantial evidence, consult your treating doctor for professional insights and a potential rebuttal, and consider seeking a second medical opinion to fortify your case. Maintaining a comprehensive journal detailing your symptoms can further substantiate the severity of your condition.

In cases where the IME report remains contentious, consulting an attorney specializing in workers’ compensation or relevant legal matters is indispensable. They can assist you in developing a strategic approach, scrutinizing the IME doctor’s background, and potentially discrediting their impartiality in the presence of biases or Inconsistencies. Presenting opposing evidence from reliable sources, such as your treating doctor and independent opinions, is pivotal in achieving a just resolution.

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